Do you want to learn how to draw, but don’t know where to start? This guide will help you get started on how you can easily learn some techniques to practice drawing.
First, you need to know a little background of the types of drawing pencils. They are Standard Graphite Pencils, Charcoal Pencils, Colored Pencils, and Watercolor Pencils. The Standard Graphite Pencils are recommended for beginners who are just starting to draw.
There are a wide selection of Standard Graphite Pencils to choose from; 9H to 9B. “H” pencils are hard and are recommended for outlining your subject. “B” pencils are soft and are recommended for shading and finalizing your drawing. We’ll start with the Standard Graphite Pencils for this guide.
Before you start sketching, there are some techniques that will be helpful for you to sketch your drawing. Here are the techniques:
The most basic technique is outlining. This is where you will sketch a draft of your drawing before finalizing it with details and shading.
There are 2 types of outlining. The light outlining and hard outlining. The light outlining is used to create your guidelines. You can use a ruler or just do a freehand outline.
For example, you want to draw an apple, you can apply a slight pressure on your pencil to draw an outline for your apple. The light outline will also help you erase mistakes without damaging your paper and showing any visible lines when you erase some line marks.
The hard outlines are used for completing your artwork and drawing final details once you are satisfied with it. The tip is to hold your pencil close to the nib so you have more control and apply heavy pressure to your artwork.
This is a technique that makes your artwork come to life. Shading adds depth, form, and creates a realistic feel to your drawing. Though it takes a lot of practice to achieve the correct shading, you must have a good understand of lighting which make your drawing real to life.
For example, your apple has already a light outline, you can now do the process of shading. You must determine where you want the light comes from so you can create shadows on your apple.
Leave the brightest parts of your subject white to make highlights. Shade the parts dark where light has a hard time passing through. Don’t forget to add shadows on your subject to create an illusion of realistic drawing.
This technique is a lot like shading but you will have to draw small lines in the same direction and are close together to create a dark shades. If you leave more space between the lines, thus it will create lighter shades.
This technique is the same with Hatching but you will add more lines that intersect the lines you created with the Hatching technique.
This technique can be achieved using a finger or a blending stick. You can do this process after shading your subject to create smoother transition and hues.
This technique uses an eraser to remove your shaded and blended subject to create highlights and lighter values.
This technique is the same with Hatching, Cross-Hatching, but drawing with random lines on your subject. It is usually drawn with loose lines that cross over each other.
This technique that uses small dots on your drawing. The more dots, the darker the shade and the lesser the dots, the lighter the shade of your drawing.
How to draw a 3D Sphere
Now, that you know the techniques of pencil drawing, you can try these steps to get started on your drawing. For starters, we can try to do a 3D sphere.
Gather all your materials for you to start your drawing. Pencils, eraser, paper, and blending stick.
Draw a perfect circle on your paper. You can use a lid of a tub to draw the outline or any object that can help you draw a perfect circle. Be sure to use “H” pencils for the outline so it will be easier to erase if you commit mistakes.
Now you have a perfect circle, you can decide where you want the light to be. The upper right side would be a good spot for light.
From the light source, you can determine the brightest part of your sphere. You can make guidelines where you want to shade the darkest to lightest.
You can start shading your sphere. You can try Hatching, Cross-Hatching, Stippling, or just the normal shading. Remember to switch pencils and use “B” pencils to have a darker shades and smoother finish.
Begin shading the darkest areas of your sphere until you reach the lightest part.
Once you are satisfied with the shading, you can now blend it using your finger or a blending stick so your sphere will have smoother look and will appear more realistic. It is recommended to blend from the lightest part of the sphere to the darkest.
Don’t forget to add shadows on the lower left part of your sphere to make it more realistic.
Use the Rendering technique to create highlights and erase some mistakes you think you have done to your sphere.
It’s time to finalize your drawing! Draw the heave outline to finish your drawing.
Now you can definitely try drawing more complex subjects since you know the basics of pencil drawing like light and shading. You also now have a better understanding of the techniques and what type of pencil you need to use for your drawing.
The key to better drawing is definitely a lot of practice. Don’t be afraid to commit mistakes as this will help you improve your drawing.
There were no professional artists that were good overnight. If you are serious with doing this craft, a ton of practice will make a huge difference.