Have you ever wanted to draw a face and not seem like a total amateur? Does your final result always seem off and you have no idea what you are doing wrong?
Well, do not be disheartened and give up since we have all been there once. To help you out and improve your drawing, we have provided instructions on how to sketch a face for beginners. The method for drawing a simple face we will discuss is of the most basic and will not require you to use any advanced and complicated materials.
How to Sketch a Face for Beginners
Professionals make sketching look like the easiest thing in the world. However, once you get on to doing it, you realize that there is more technique involved than just a few strokes on a paper. That is especially true when you start sketching a face.
Here is a simple guide on how to sketch a face:
- Sketching pad or paper
- An HB pencil
- Kneaded eraser
Step One: Draw the Head Shape
To start with, draw a large circle, which will serve as your head shape, in the center of the paper. Then, make a vertical line right down the middle of the circle to divide the face in two.
For your chin, sketch a horizontal line a little bit below the circle. You can make this line short or long depending if you want a pointed chin or a wider one, respectively.
Additionally, you can control the length of your face by adjusting the vertical distance of the chin line from the circle. For example, a line closer to the face will give you a rounder face.
The next step is to make two more vertical lines right at each lateral most edge of the circle. Finally, sketch in a slightly curved line from that edge of the circle to the chin on both sides to complete your facial boundary.
You can rub off the two lateral lines as well as the bottom part of the circle after the last step. Do make sure, though, not to erase the line running in the middle of the face.
Step Two: Creating Guidelines
As compared to creating the face shape, sketching facial features is harder. Not only do you have to be careful about the placement, but you also need to be mindful of the size of the features in proportion to the head shape.
You really do not want to end up with an unsymmetrical droopy eye, right? Hence, learn how to make guidelines to help you along.
Firstly, add a horizontal line to divide the face in an upper and lower section to mark the placement of the eyes. In the previously drawn vertical line, draw the nose in the correct position.
After which, divide the horizontal line into five parts. From these five segments, eyes should be in the second and fourth sections. Next, mark the nose line midway between the horizontal eye line and the chin. The mouth will be drawn right in the middle of the nose and the chin.
It should be noted that you need to use light pressure while making these guidelines since they need to be erased right at the end of your sketch.
Step Three: Drawing the Facial Features
If you are done making the head shape and marked all the positions of each feature, it is time to get on to the main show! Follow the instructions properly to sketch in each of the main facial features:
First, make a horizontal shape on the eye line and then, round out the sharp edges to give it a more realistic outlook. Also, add in the tear ducts a little lower than the edges.
Next, add the iris and pupil, making sure to cover it partly by either the upper eyelid or the lower one. Do not forget to add in the tear line and upper eye fold.
A perfect eye sketch is incomplete without eyelashes, be it long or short. Therefore, add some on the upper and lower lids, choosing whatever length and volume you want.
To begin with, make the brow bone a little farther from the eye using light pressure with your pencil. Since males usually have bushier eyebrows and females have sleeker, cleaner, and shapely ones, the technique of drawing the part would be different.
On that note, if you are drawing a male, use a 4HB pencil to color in the bushy ones. On the other hand, you need to be more specific to draw in symmetrical eyebrows for the female. It is recommended to make more guidelines if you feel the need to do so.
As a last tip for this part of the face, changing the angle and position of the eyebrows can do a lot of wonders. For example, lateral sloping eyebrows can create a confused-looking face.
The nose is quite hard to get right even by professionals. To help you along, draw two vertical lines extending down from the tear duct to determine the width of your nose.
Then, draw in three circles right above the nose line with the middle one being larger. Use those as guidelines and draw two small curved lines at the edge for nostrils.
Once done, draw a slightly curved vertical line above the nostrils to indicate the nose bridge. Complete this feature by adding more lines to customize the nose to your liking.
A horizontal line drawn midway between the chin and the nose line will demarcate the lower border of the lips. Apart from this, draw two vertical lines down from the center of the eyes to mark the width of the lips.
Next, make another horizontal line for the opening of the mouth above the lip line. Then, create a curved line with a cupid’s bow on top for the upper lip and another curved line below for the lower lip.
This feature starts a little above the eye and ends just near the nose line. You only need to sketch a few lines to show the shape of the inner ear without complicating it too much.
Step Four: Drawing the Hair
This is the most versatile feature to draw on the head. There are multiple ways to draw different textured hair and hairstyles.
Just make sure not to follow the contour of the head shape to avoid them looking flat. Hair adds volume to the face, so make sure to do that by drawing beyond the face. Apart from this, decide on how large you want the forehead by making a guideline for the hairline right before sketching them.
There is no hard and fast rule on how to sketch a face for beginners. Since every person looks different from the other, you can experiment with all the features and create multiple results. That being said, you should use the basic guidelines we provided to help you place each feature at its respective place.